Thursday, August 26, 2021

Childhood;NCERT Solutions and Summary for Class 11

                                  Childhood
                                              -Markus Natten
Text:



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Summary:

Stanza-1:
In the above lines,the poet wonders about when his childhood came to an end.He questions if it was the day when you became 11 years old. He asks if it was the day when you become mature enough to realise that Hell and Heaven existed yet one cannot find them on any map of geography book.He concluded that they were just imaginary places. In the stanza, the author was introduced to rationalism.

Stanza-2:
In this stanza,the poet again asked where his childhood went away.He questions if it was the day when he realised adults were just hypocrites as they preached love whereas they never practised it.They are not like how they seemed.
The double standards are clearing in the adults according to the poet. He wonders if that was the day when his childhood went away and he was introduced to deception.

Stanza-3:
In the above lines, the poet again deliberates on the same question about when he lost his childhood. He was overwhelmed at perhaps the day when he realise that the mind it was his own and he could always use it the way he wants.He warned us that perhaps it was the day when he had thoughts of his own.He was introduced to the infinite possibilities within him and individuality.

Stanza-4:
In the last stanza,the poet regrets his lost childhood and things that his childhood had gone to a place which will never come back.He thought of his innocence which by now had vanished and can only be seen in a baby's face.He also conveys a message that the innocence of an individual stays till the time he or she is an infant.He also tells how childhood is the period in human's life when he or she is completely pure by heart and naive.

Difficult Words:
1)Ceased:Come to an end.
2)Preached:To talk or spread an idea of                                      message.
3)Rationalism:An idea which seeks a rational or                           sensible justification.
4)Individuality:The quality of a person which                                 distinguishes from others.
5)Hypocrisy:The practice of claiming to have                              higher standards then the case is.

Rhyme Scheme:
abbccd;Free Verse.

Poetic Devices:
1)Refrain:A group of phrase that is repeated.
            Ex:"When did my childhood go?"
                 "Was that the day!"
2)Antithesis:Mention of two opposite words in                          same sentence.
                 Ex:"Hell and Heaven"
3)Alliteration:"The Time" ; "My Mind".
4)Inversion:Reversal of Ssubject-Verb order.

In order to know in detail about these poetic devices,check out our blog on literary devices.

About Author:
Markus Zusak Natten(23rd June,1975---) is an Australian writer with Austrian and German roots.He is best known for 'The Book Thief' and 'The Messenger' which are bestsellers.He has also won many notable awards such as "Margaret A. Edwards Award","Michael L. Printz Award" and others.

NCERT Questions:
A)Think it Out.

1)i)Individuality:Stanza 3 i.e. "When did ....                                        producing thoughts .... the day!".
ii)Rationalism:Stanza 1 i.e. "When did .... Hell                                 and Heaven .... the day!".
iii)Hypocrisy:Stanza 2 i.e. "When did ....                                        preached of love .... the day!".

2)According to the poem, the loss of childhood is involved in the process of growing up.The poem briefly discusses about things which are imbibed by child becoming an adult.This loss is compensated by some games which come with adolescence.These are increase in understanding, the ability to discern between original and fake as well as a sense of individuality.

3)The poet thinks that childhood is a vital part of life in everyone's lifetime and is often pleasant. He is upset that he has lost his childhood long ago and thinks of the things he has lost during this transition period.

4)The most poetic lines from the poem are-"Where did my childhood go .... That's all I know".
These lines beautifully sum up the process of growth and the disappearance of a particular stage of life.The poet thinks that only a child can possess innocence until he/she has not grew up.

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How to score good marks in examinations based on MCQs?

Are MCQs troubling you? Don't Worry!We have your back.

MCQs had become a vital assessment tools to assess student performance in an efficient manner.MCQs has not only helped the students ease their burden but also teachers to create questions based on MCQ format and check the answers digitally. In order to efficiently deal with such objective based questions,let's discuss some methods:
 
1)Don't Ignore Theory portion of the given Syllabus:
While MCQs are primarily based on options and least subject matter,take theory part seriously. Make sure you understand the theoretical portion clearly and leave no concepts untouched.

Today is September 1,2021.Try to complete any backlogs in the syllabus if you have any within the time span of one month.Believe us,you have it inside you.Go that extra mile and conquer that exam!


2)Practise more Score more!
By the beginning of October,make sure you surround yourself with MCQs.Start attending questions related to MCQs format and carrying out sample papers.

Within September we will be publishing a wise number of posts based on MCQs related to 10th and 12th grade. You can get access to completely free MCQ and tests based on MCQs on our site.Do consider checking out them!

However,if you wish to carry out MCQs with the help of a physical book, strongly recommend the latest Oswaal sample papers. The book can help you big time.We are attaching the link below:

All these extra preparation can help you boost your confidence while attending the examination.It is better to have some preparation rather than feeling regretful in the examination hall or during it.Remain optimistic, you can do anything!

3)How to attempt an test based on MCQs?
Whenever you get to attempt a test based on MCQs,make sure you read all the instructions carefully.Trust us,you will be more optimised with the test.Look out for some specific general instructions such as if there are negative markings in the examination,what is the time limit of the MCQ test or other specific instructions.

If you are taking an online test,make sure you have a physical notebook with you.In that notebook,you can carry out the rough work as well as jot down all the answers according to the serial number given in test.This practice helps you keep track of the questions you attended.

Keeping in mind that most probably negative marking will not be there in the board exams this year,you need to take 4 rounds of the MCQs paper or test.

Round-1:
In this round go for all the questions and attend them.This initial round gives you an overview of the entire paper.Any question which you think will take time but it is doable, encircle it and leave it for the second round.Tick mark the questions which you think are completely out of your arena.You will be attending them in the third round.

Round-2:
Come to the questions which you had encircled and marked for review.Make sure you carry out this questions during the remaining time span. If one question is taking a ton of your time and you are also not certain of the correct answer,leave it.

Round-3:
If you have any time left with you,come to the questions whose answers you are completely unaware of.Sometimes it turns out that a student has not read the question properly and thinking it to be hard.

Round-4:
Here comes our most favourite round-Fluking.
Also called as "Tukka",this can also possibly help you bag a few more marks considering the fact that there are no negative markings. When your mind goes completely blank and you have very less time left,you can use this technique. You can also use it after completing the third round.

Observe the given options carefully.You will find that one or two of the options are completely out of the possibility arena.Eliminate that or those options and choose between the rest.

If this method fails too,go for option as one of the studies in education has found that most of the MCQs in the world have the correct option in the form of B.

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Monday, August 23, 2021

The Browning Version;NCERT Solutions and Summary for Class 11

                      The Browning Version
                                        -Terence Rattigan
Text:
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Summary:
"The Browning Version" by Terence Rattigan is a brief extract from a play with the same name.The play displays the behaviour of teenagers towards their teachers.There are four major characters in the play-
Frank(A young science teacher in a school),Taplow(A sixteen years old student in the lower fifth),Mr.Crocker-Harris(A middle-aged school teacher) and Millie Crocker-Harris(Wife of Mr.Crocker-Harris).The play is set in a school campus.

Taplow arrives to do extra work at the school on the last day for his teacher Mr.Crocker-Harris.He had missed a day before.Mr.Crocker-Harris was nowhere to be seen and he finds Mr.Frank who was a science teacher at the same school. Frank inquires why he was in the school and he tells that he is expecting his result that day.

They had a casual talk on what they would be  choosing as a remove.They also discussed about their preferences in subjects.Gradually, their gossip took a turn and they started discussing Mr.Crocker-Harris.

Taplow reveals various things about Mr.Crocker- Harris and even imitates him twice in the process.Taplow tells Mr.Frank how Mr.Crocker Harris was very different from other the teachers. He followed every small rule and regulation any serious way. Taplow thought that Mr.Crocker is hardly human as he never shrivelled up. He had told Taplow that he will get whatever he deserved. This had made taplow completely tensed.Mr Frank told him to go away so that his time would not be wasted but Taplow didn't leave as he was apprehensive that Mr. Harris might not give him his remove and may even follow him till his house.

Upon hearing this,Mr.Frank confesses how envies the effect Mr.Harris has upon the boys.
He asks Taplow if Mr.Harris beat the boys but Taplow dismissed it by saying that Mr.Harris was not a sadist like other teachers.Taplow also  revealed that Mr.Harris did not like to be praised very much.

But in spite of all of this,Taplow likes Mr.Harris.
While their conversation,Mrs.Crocker-Harris entered the scene.She asked Taplow to come after a quarter of an hour as Mr.Harris would take some more time before arriving.She assures him that she will take the blame if he reaches early.She instructs him to fetch her some medicines from the chemist.Taplow went out to carry out the job.

Difficult Words:
1)Remove:A division in British schools.
2)Slackers:Lazy or demotivated students.
3)Muck:Useless.
4)Aeschylus:An ancient Greek tragedian.
5)Agamemnon:King of Mycenae in Greek                                         mythology.
6)Strung together:To combine two different 
                                things into something useful.
7)Kept in:To make someone stay in a place.
8)Chap:A man you whom you know and like.
9)Outright: Instantly and directly.
10)Throaty:A voice that is deep and husky.
11)Got carried away:To be so excited where one                                       is no longer able to control 
                                     one's behaviour.
12)Cut:A desire to stop doing something                          undesirable.
13)Sadist:A person who drives pleasure by                              inflicting pain upon others.
14)Shrivelled up:Having no feelings.
15)Cape:A sleeveless short cloak.
16)Sideboard:A flat-topped piece of furniture.
17)Frantically:In a hurried or unorganised way.
18)Hall-stand:A tall piece of furniture with                                    several arms for holding clothes                              and hats.
19)Made-up(Here):To fetch something.
20)Hullo:A form of greeting.

About Author:
Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan(10th June,1911-30th November,1977) was a British dramatist and screenwriter. Number of planes which centred on issues of sexual frustration,failed relationships or a world of repression and reticence.

NCERT Questions:
A)Understanding the Text.

1)Taplow is respectful towards Mr.Harris and likes him for his principles.He criticizes him for being a feelingless person yet regards him as an extraordinary master.He is mortally afraid of him and dare not cut the extra work even on the last day of the term.

2)YesFrank seems to encourage Taplow's comments on Mr.Harris.He shows appreciation for Taplow's imitation of Mr.Harris and even asks him to repeat it.He was a bit envious of
Mr.Harris for the influence he had on the boys and liked this gossip on him.

3)Mr.Crocker-Harris appears to be a strict master who is a man of principles and sticks to the rules for everything. He is a man who is not swayed away by emotions and believes in a fair assessment of all his students. He is not a sadist and has a good influence on the students in his class.

B) Talking about the Text.

1)Commenting on their teachers is something that most students do.Students are keen observers of a teacher's moments in class and outside.Teachers are the role models of students as students just their performance not only basis of their mastery over a subject but also by the method of teaching, communication skills, interaction with pupils and their general nature and behaviour.But we must ensure that we discuss about the shortcomings of a teacher in a respectful manner without hurting his/her image.

2)We must adopt a solemn,respectful and polite manner when we talk about a teacher to another teacher. Minimum cozzi requires that we should add "Mr.","Miss" or "Mrs." before a teacher's name.Our approach must be formal and the dignity of a teacher must not be compromised at any cost.Our remarks should not be derogatory or rude.We must not tell anything which can destroy the relation of a teacher with the other one.

3)Science is based on the study of some facts, concepts,principles and their applications. It demands cool reasoning and concentration of mind to understand these complex concepts. Some of the concepts don't have any use in our everyday life which is why we may sometimes feel science is boring and demanding. On the other hand,reading plays provide us more amusement.Most plays contain diverse characters and their interactions making the whole thing most humorous and lively.

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Mother's Day;NCERT Solutions and Summary for Class 11

                               Mother's Day
                                            -J.B. Priestley
Text:









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Summary:
"Mother's Day" is a play revolving around a mother in a household who was not at all cared for and was taken for granted.However,her life completely changed when her neighbour Mrs.Fitzgerald intervened in her life.The play truly highlights
the problem that women are not cared much in our societies.The play is set in London.The play has 5 characters-
Mrs.Annie Pearson(Protagonist),Mrs.Fitzgerald
(Mrs.Pearson's neighbour),Mr.George Pearson(Husband of Mrs.Pearson),Doris Pearson(Daughter of the Pearsons) and Cyril Pearson(Son of the Pearsons).The drama certainly unfolds in an interesting one.

The play began with Mrs.Pearson sitting along with Mrs.Fitzgerald at a table together.Mrs.Fitzgerald had learnt a great deal of things when she was out in the Western part of our world.She was forcasting Mrs.Pearson's fortune using some cards.While talking,Mrs.Fitzgerald tells her neighbour as to why she should become the master of the house.She told Mrs.Pearson that her family members should learn to treat her better.She was ruining her life as well as theirs.She should not be treated like dirt.Mrs.Pearson told her neighbour that she is so fond of all of her family members even if they are all selfish and thoughtless.She also had dropped many hints and felt it hard hard where to start.Mrs.Fitzgerald tells Mrs.Pearson that she should let them them wait once and take care of themselves.Mrs.Pearson was reluctant as she was too soft for carrying out such an unpleasant act.She was not at all ready.

Mrs.Fitzgerald proposed an excellent idea.She had learnt many tricks when she was in the East and one of them was she could switch bodies with other persons.She told Mrs.Pearson how she could help in her dilemma.Mrs. Fitzgerald took Mrs. Pearson's hands and chanted a prayer. They exchanged their bodies and now Mrs. Pearson had the characteristics of Mrs.Fitzgerald such as confident and bold whereas Mrs.Fitzgerald was now timid and nervous.

Mrs.Fitzgerald (actually Mrs.Pearson) and Mrs. Pearson (Mrs.Fitzgerald) had finally exchanged roles.Mrs.Pearson asked Mrs.Fitzgerald to leave for her house.She was determined to teach her family members a lesson.

Her first victim was her daughter Doris.She was a girl in her early twenties.She came to instruct her mother that she wanted her silk to be ironed. But she was completely dumbfounded when she saw Mrs.Pearson smoking.She expressed her shock and exclamation but her mother gave a poised answer.Then she asked whether her tea was ready.Mrs.Pearson said it was not and she would n't bother to.She told her firmly and told how she has to work all the time and gets nothing.She even makes fun of Doris friend whom she was supposed to go out with.

After that,Cyril had to face Mrs.Pearson's wraith. She also told him that his tea was not ready either.He told his mother how he hasn't got a lot of time but Mrs.Pearson remained firm.She even tells her feelings that how she thinks Cyril is good for nothing.Mrs.Pearson also tells Cyril that he spends a ton of time and money on greyhound races and dirt tracks which will not give him anything.

Cyril and Doris became frightened and discused if they had commited any mistake.They even exchanged alarmed glances.Mrs.Pearson kept talking moodily with them which totally pissed them up.She told them that she will taking a off on weekends and would only work a bit if requested.She will only do the household chores only if her work is acknowledged.

Then,comes on to the scene,Mr.George Pearson. He was also behaved in a similiar by Mrs. Pearson.He was even answered back by Mrs. Pearson which usually didn't happen.George Pearson too was baffled seeing this kind of behaviour of her wife.She even spilled the beans that how his husband is made fun of in the club he regularly visits.

Mrs.Pearson was telling all this when Mrs. Fitzgerald came upon the scene.There Mrs. Fitzgerald saw the drama in her home and how it was unravelling.She was worried by Mrs. Pearson's activities and slowly but softly  started protesting against it.Mrs.Pearson told how she had been putting all of them in their rightful places.That was when Mrs.Fitzgerald told that now they should switch back bodies.In this way, they could be in their own self.The original Mrs.Fitzgerald warned Mrs.Pearson that she should remain hard on them for  sometime more.Otherwise,all their drama will be of no use.

Surprisingly,all of Mrs. Pearson's family members were completely transformed and started treating her nicely after this episode.They had understood her importance in the household and she also needed to be acknowledged for the services she imparting them out of love.

Difficult Words:
1)Settee:A long upholstered seat for more than                   one person.
2)Fortune-teller:A person who predicts                                              someone's future.
3)Thoughtless:Not showing consideration for                                 the needs of other people.
4)Dubiously:With hesitation or doubt.
5)Flustered:Agitated or confused.
6)Lax:Relaxed or loose.
7)Fluttering:A heart beating feebly or irregularly.
8)Complacently:Behaving in a confident manner.
9)Incisive:Quick and direct.
10)Square Meal:A satisfying meal which also                                   provides all the nutrients.
11)Clarendon:A restaurant chain in Europe.
12)Indiginantly:Feeling or showing at what is                                   perceived as unfair.
13)Buck Teeth:A phrase to express someone's                              ugliness.
14)Half-Witted:A person not having good sense                            of humour.
15)Get Cracking:To get to work.
16)Laconic:Using very few words.
17)Stout(Here):A dark,top- fermented beer.
18)Clot(Here):An informal word to describe a                               stupid person.
19)Off-Colour:Slightly Unwell.
20)Barmy:To go mad or crazy.
21)Fathead:A stupid person.
22)Concussion:A state of temporary confusion.
23)Far-fetched:Unlikely and unconvincing.
24)Guffaw:A loud and hearty laugh.
25)Blubbering:To cry noisily and uncontrollably.
26)Self-important:Having an inflated perception                                  of oneself.
27)Pompous:Affectedly grand,solemn or self-                              important.
28)Snooker:A game involving putting balls into 
                     holes of billiard table.
29)Silly Old Bag:A term for a stupid old lady.
30)Edinburgh:A town in Scotland.
31)Savagely:In a fierce,violent and uncontrolled                        manner.
32)Chump:A foolish or easily deceivable person.
33)Memaking:Teaching good manners.
34)Rummy:A card game played in groups.
35)Cluster Round:To assemble round someone.

About Author:
John Boynton Priestley(13th September,1894-14th August,1984) was an English novelist, playwright, screenwriter,broadcaster and social commentator.He has created many writings which highlight simple yet important problems everyday people face in contemporary society.

NCERT Questions:
A) Reading with Insight.

1)i)The play highlights many serious issues in our society. The first and foremost is proper appreciation of a housewife's role and responsibilities.Those who work 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week treat the housewife as an unpaid domestic servant and take wife as granted. Moreover, we never thank her or  grateful for the services towards us. The second issue is the reciprocity of love and gratitude. In the case of Mrs.Pearson,her husband and her children used to leave her alone every night to go somewhere out to enjoy themselves. The didn't take notice of her and had become thoughtless and selfish in this process. 
Mrs.Pearson's excessive love and care has also played a part in spoiling them.

ii)The problems raised in the early may seem trivial but are serious and genuine. These are common in many households. The place is depicted the whole thing in a humorous way but highlight some important issues in our society. The playwright adopts an unusual method to solve these problems. Incantation of a magical spell helps in the interchange of personalities. This helps in the change in Mrs.Pearson's personality as she got the character traits of Mrs.Fitzgerald.She became bold and dominant like Mrs.Fitzgerald.After that,she remained firm and direct all throughout one day. She even told all her family members about their shortcomings.After this incident,people in the Pearson family respected Mrs.Pearson a lot more and acknowledged her hard work.

I completely agree with the resolution for the problem.One must remain firm and claim his or her rights boldly without any hesitation.

2) women discrimination has always been an issue and we must address it is they are as much as a part of a society as we are. Various instances around us show women are not given their rightful place in our society. There has been various incidents of unfair treatment for the females at home,workin public places and elsewhere.Female workers getting lower wages than their male counterparts, harassment by senior colleagues at workplace, indecent remarks against women are some of the issues we need to address urgently. In rural areas,the problem is even worse as the husbands beat their wives in order to boast  of their masculinity. They are tormented by inflicting physical violence on them.

3)Yes, drama is certainly a good medium for conveying a social message effectively. Drama is the perfect blend of humour and awareness which helps playwrights in conveying important social messages. Direct moralising using conventional ways of creating awareness is often ignored and sometimes even resented. Drama which is also a visual form of art helps the audience to correlate with their own lives. They feel more involved in the whole process. The social message is conveyed effectively by the interactions of the characters in the play. These days we find miniplate centre around themes aimed at making the society a better place.

4)Recently, as we are becoming more aware of our problems,we have started making films and enacting plays aimed at eradicating these problems.Some of the notable films or cinemas which have successfully helped in changing societies, according to us,are-
"Scam 1992" starring Pratik Gandhi has dramatically increased financial literacy in India.
"Dangal" starring Aamir Khan highlights how girls in rural areas are not given their dueful rights.He also prepare his daughters for a wrestling match of an Olympic level amidst existing social stigmas."Toilet"starring Akshay Kumar highlights problems of women in rural India who they could not attend to nature's call with respect.We want more of this films which helps in bringing certain change or reforms in our society.

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Thursday, August 19, 2021

The Ailing Planet:the Green Movement's Role's NCERT Solutions and Summary for Class 11

   The Ailing Planet : the Green Movement's Role
                                                        -Nani Palkhiwala
Text:
Image Courtesy:NCERT;Ncert Books by Supercop
Please tap on the image once to get a more sharper and legible copy of the book.

Summary:
The text is actually an article written by Nani Palkhiwala published in The Indian Express on 24th November,1994.He has highlighted some important points regarding the declining health of our Earth which have relevance till now.The writer has also highlighted our responsibility towards the environment.

The narrator has thrown light on how the Green Movement's since its beginning has gripped the imagination of the entire mind kind.In 1972,the world's first nationwide green party was founded in New Zealand.

The movement has enabled people to shift their hopes from the mechanistic view to a holistic and ecological view.The narrator thinks this shift
in perceptions is quite revolutionary as people  have started acknowledging Earth as a living being of whiclh they are small elements.The Earth has its own metabolic needs and vital processes which need to be respected and preserved.It is our duty to improve the Earth.

The narrator has also highlighted studies, surveys and other reports which conclude that we are deteriorating our environment at an alarming pace. Well-known scientists have warned that unless we are not planting trees and growing them we soon have to face a very macabre situation.

In 1987,the term 'Sustainable Development' was coined by the World Commission on Environment and Development. The idea was that development in such a way which fulfills our present needs as well as doesn't compromise with the needs of the future. 

In Zambia,at a zoo,human being are called as 'the most dangerous animal'.Mr. Lester R. Brown in his book has pointed out sensibly that human claims on -fisheries,forests,grasslands,
croplands are reaching an unsustainable level where productivity is eventually impaired.
According to Dr.Meyers,several species of plants and animals will be perished with the cleaning of tropical forests.James Speth,the President of the World Resources Institute,stated how we are losing forests at a rate of acre and a half per second!Article 48A of our Indian Constitution provides that "the State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country" but these laws have never seen implementation in a proper way.A report in the Parliament has pointed out our forests have depleted at an alarming pace.However,the actual loss of forests is estimated to be about eight times the rate indicated by government statistics.

The narrator thinks that the astronomical increase in the population is one of the major reasons for the exploitation of the environment.It is found in studies that our population is rising by about one million every four days.We must spread awareness among people about the problems which can be caused due to the increase in population.We must educate people about concepts such as family planning.More children does not mean more workers,it merely means more people without food.

We need to see the world as a whole and not as dissociated parts.For the first time,we are seeing a transcending concern where people are not only thinking about their survival but also about the survival of the planet.Mr.Lester Brown has rightly stated,"We hve not inherited this Earth from our forefathers;we have borrowed it from our children."

Difficult Words:
1)Holistic:Characterised by the treatment of the                    whole person or object.
2)Irrevocably:In a way that cannot be changed                           reversed.
3)Steward:People employed to manage or to                           look after something.
4)Stripping:To remove every possible covering 
                    from something.
5)Reckon:Establish by calculation.
6)Languish:To remain in an unpleasant                                      condition.
7)Ignominious:To cause public disgrace or                                      shame.
8)Interalia:Among other things.
9)Impoverished:Made poor.
10)Decimated:To reduce in number.
11)Patrimony:Property inherited from father or                            ancestors.
12)Fertility:The ability to conceive and bear                              children.
13)Beget:Give life to.
14)Sterilised:Deprived of the ability to produce                           offspring.
15)Hutments: Collection of huts.
16)Du Pont:An American company meant for                            making polycarbonates.
17)Felicitious:Well-chosen.
18)Freehold:Permanent tenure of land or                                    property.
19)Tenancy: Possession of the land.
20)Lease:A contract based upon which a                               property is rented out.
21)Coercion:By force.

About Author:
Nani Ardeshir Palkhivala(16th January,1920-11th December,2002) was an Indian jurist and liberal economist.He was born in Bombay in a Parsi family.He was an excellent lawyer of his time.He is known for his columns in newspapers airing his concerns over simple yet important issues.

NCERT Questions:
A)Understanding the Text.

1)There are various lines in the text which support the title "The Ailing Planet".Some of these are:
"Are we to leave our successors a scorched planet of advancing deserts,impoverished landscapes and ailing environment?"

"We have not inherited this Earth from our forefathers;we have borrowed it from our childern."

2)The notice "The world's most dangerous animals" at a cage in a zoo at Zambia signifies that man is responsible for all the deterioration in environment and depletion of natural resources.Thus,man is the world's most dangerous animal.

3)The Earth has 4 principal biological systems namely- fisheries,forests,grasslands and croplands.These are depleted by excessive usage.Over-fishing is quite common,forests are being cut to procure firewood,grassland are turning into barren wastelands and croplands are detoriorating as their productivity has been impaired.

4)The growth in global population puts severe strain on the Earth's principal biological systems.Due to excessive human claims,these reach an unsustainable level where their productivity is damaged.Development is not possible with this rapid growth in population.Increasing population brings hunger,poverty and unemployment along with it.

B) Talking about the Text.

1)The truth is harsh and in reality neither respected nor enforced in our nation properly. We have never seriously considered law in India. We are aware of various instances which prove this statement. Almost everyone is conversant with the rule of the road but still there are various cases of over-taking,lane-jumping,over speeding and not wearing helmets. Laws in our nation insist compulsory elementary education upto the age of 14. Yet,we see many teens of this age loitering around in lanes or working in petty jobs. All these laws remain on paper but in actual like these are never put into practice.

2)I fully agree with the view contained in the statement.There is a very high possibility of such an eventuality in our future. There are solid reasons behind this apprehension. Our resources are limited and they will not last indefinitely if we go on consuming them indiscriminatingly. Essential biological elements such as fisheries,forests,grasslands and croplands are the basis of the global economic system.They supply us food,raw materials to the industries and many other useful things. Increasing population has further added to our worries.These system have reached an unsustainable level. Hence, certainly there is possibility of the earth becoming an overheated place full of increasing deserts and poor landscapes.

3)This is a revolutionary statement by Mr.Lester  Brown.It focuses our attention on the position of man in this infinite universe.Often, people in our surroundings take the Earth for granted.They think that they can claim their rights over the Earth as they have inherited it from their forefathers.However,we are only temporary residents here for a few years. We must not strip the natural world of the resources which our he future generations would need. For our need, we are exploiting the natural resources recklessly which may result in severe problems as environmental degradation and others. Our coming generations may not be able to survive if the current rate of environmental degradation continues. We must check the use of these natural resources.

4)Overpopulation can cause various severe problems.The three basic human needs: food,cloth and shelter have assumed alarming prepositions.Our biological elements are over-strained because of this.People resort to over fishing because of protein needs.Forests are being destroyed to obtain firewood.Grasslands are being converted to deserts.Croplands are becoming non-cultivable and barren.Overpopulation hinders development and adversely affects the spread of education and healthcare for the masses.According to the author,more children does not mean more workers,it merely means more people without work.

C) Thinking about Language.

1)Prima Facie:A perception based on first                                     impression.
2)ad hoc:Created or done for a particular                              purpose.
3)in camera:In private without media persons.
4)ad infinitum:Forever.
5)mutatis mutandis:To make some necessary                                          alterations while not                                                   affecting the point at issue.
6)caveat:A notice declaring that certain actions                  may not be taken without informing                       the person who gave the notice.
7)tabula rasa:An absence of preconceived ideas                          or predetermined goals.

πŸ“πŸ“πŸ“
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Tuesday, August 17, 2021

MCQs for A Letter to God for Class 10.

                  
                   MCQs for A Letter to God
According to latest examination pattern for CBSE 10th and 12th grade students,MCQs have become a vital assessment tool for the students to assess their performance.Here,we provide you with the MCQs of A Letter to God.

You can also take an online Multiple Choice Questions test by clicking on the button below.The test can only be taken once and is to be completed within 15 minutes.Take the test to evaluate your preparation:



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 1)Who is the author of the lesson "A Letter to         God"?
 
G.L Fuentes
J.K Rowling
William Shakespeare
Roald Dahl

Correct Option:G.L Fuentes

2)What did Lencho think of the post-office               employees?

Rude
Bunch of Crooks
Proud
Unhelpful

Correct Option:Bunch of Crooks
Reason:
Lencho was certain God can never make a mistake.He had asked for 100 pesos but he had only received 75 pesos.He was under the thought that the post office people had taken his money.

3)How did he feel when he counted the money?

Grateful
Joyful
Relieved
Angry

Correct Option:Angry
Reason:
Lencho had asked for 100 pesos but he had only received 75 pesos.He was sure that the post office employees had taken the rest 25 pesos.

4)Why was Lencho not surprised on seeing the       money in the envelope?

He was too sad to acknowledge it.
He had unwavering faith in God.
He was an ungrateful man.
None of the above.

Correct Option:He had unwavering faith in God.
Reason:
He had vested a lot of faith in God.He was always certain that God will help him in his bad times.

5)How much money did Lencho ask for?

100 pesos
1000 pesos
10 pesos
70 pesos

Correct Option:100 pesos
Reason:
All of Lencho's crops were devastated in the rains and hailstorm.In order to sustain his family,he had asked God for a 100 pesos via a letter.

6)How much money was the postmaster able to     arrange?

100 pesos
75 pesos
30 pesos
70 pesos

Correct Option:70 pesos
Reason:
Lencho had asked for 100 pesos.The postmaster wanted to help him and collected a sum of money.He himself parted with a small chunk of his salary.But he was only able to gather 70 pesos.

7)Why did the postmaster decide to reply to             Lencho's letter?

He was a good man.
He felt emphatic.
To preserve Lencho's faith in God.
All of these.

Correct Option:To preserve Lencho's faith in God.
Reason:
He was at first laughing at Lencho's letter but then he became serious.He genuinely wanted to keep the faith of the writer of the letter in God intact.

8)Lencho compared the quantum of damage           with

Attack by Rats
Attack by Crows
Plaque of Locusts
None of the above

Correct Option:Plaque of Locusts
Reason:
Lencho's entire field was destroyed by hailstorm.He compared this to the attack by a group of locusts who also don't leave anything after their attack on crops.

9)What was the immediate reaction of the               postmaster on seeing the letter?

Laughed whole-heartedly
Cried
Felt sad about what happened
Felt Emphatic

Correct Option:Laughed Whole-heartedly
Reason:
He was astonished that a man had written a letter addressing directly to God.This was the first time he was seeing something like this.

10)'The postmaster was a fat,amiable man.' What is the meaning of amiable?

Rude 
Helpful
Friendly
None of these

Correct Option:Friendly

11)Who was Lencho?

Farmer
Postmaster
Pilot
Postman

Correct Option:Farmer

12)Why did Lencho go out?

To call his wife
To call his sons
To collect the hailstorms
To feel the raindrops

Correct Option:To feel the raindrops
Reason:
It was after a long time that his fields were receiving water.He,as a farmer,became ecstatic.He was so happy that he went out to feel the rain.

13)What did Lencho do when his crops were destroyed?

Lencho collected the hailstones
Lencho abandoned his family
Lencho called the police
Lencho wrote a letter to God

Correct Option:Lencho wrote a letter to God
Reason:
Lencho had huge faith in God.When all his crops were devasted in the hailstorm,he had no other choice but to ask for help from God.

14)What was peculiar about Lencho's letter?

It was affixed with used stamps
It was written with red ink
It was addressed to God
It was affixed with a lot of stamps

Correct Option:It was addressed to God
Reason:
Lencho in his desperate situation where he had no resources to sustain his family.His only ray of hope in this situation was help from God.

15)What does the word 'Ox' in the chapter mean?

Hardworking and simple person
A domestic animal
Both of the above
None of these

Correct Option:Hardworking and simple person

16)What does the story tell you about the character of Lencho?

He was very naive.
He was very hardworking.
He had faith in God.
All of the above

Correct Option:All of the above
Reason:
Lencho was quite innocent and naive.He wasn't aware of the worldly rules.He worked like an ox in his cropfields.He had written a Letter to God 
which shows the amount of faith he had in God.

17)Where was Lencho's house situated?

In a valley
Near a river
In a village
None of the above

Correct Option:In a valley

18)What are the raindrops compared to?

Frozen Pearls
New Silver Coins
Locusts
Hailstorms

Correct Option:New Silver Coins
Reason:
The phrase "new silver coins" meant better financial prosperity for Lencho and his family.

19)How did the postmaster help Lencho?

He asked the post office employees to          contribute money.
He asked his friends to give money.
He sent that money to Lencho through mail.
All of the above.

Correct Option:All of the above.
Reason:
He wanted to preserve Lencho's faith in God.He raised money for this act of charity from various sources such as his own salary,his friends and colleagues.

20)What was the crop Lencho grew in his fields?

Corn
Barley
Rice
All of the above

Correct Option:Corn

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Sunday, August 15, 2021

The Voice of the Rain;NCERT Solutions and Summary for Class 11

                       The Voice of the Rain
                                              -Walt Whitman
Text:
Image Courtesy:NCERT;Ncert Books by Supercop
Please tap on the image once to get a more sharper and legible copy of the book.

Summary:
Stanza-1(And who .... bottomless sea,):
In the above lines,the poet asked the soft-falling shower 'Who are you?' to which the rain replied in a strange manner.The rain answers that it is the 'Poem of the Earth'.It rose continuously from the land and bottomless ocean in the form of vapours.

Stanza-2(Upward to .... the same,):
Here,the rain tells the poet that it rises upwards towards the sky in the form of vapour where it changes its form into liquid water due to condensation.But,it also asserts that although it's form is changed,its essence and core qualities remain the same.

Stanza-3(I descend .... latent,unborn;)
Here,the rain describes how it comes down to wash the drought and provide water to the helpless.The rain washes away the dust and small particles from the Earth's surface.The rain provides water to the seed inside the earth which provides it with the necessary nourishment to grow into a plant.It imparts life to seeds.

Stanza-4(And forever .... beautify it;)
The rain asserts that every moment it provides life,care, enrichment and water to the place where it originated from.The rain keeps enhancing the beauty and purity of the earth by preparing a life-cycle for itself again.

Stanza-5(For song, .... love returns.))
The rain is like a song that originates from its birthplace,just like the heart of the singer,and wonders to fulfill the needs of the earth.It eventually comes to its origin and whether it is ruined or not,it returns to the original position.

Difficult Words:
1)Who art thou:Who are you?
2)Impalpable: Something which cannot be                                     described.
3)Whence:Where.
4)Lave:To wash something or rejuvenaing it.
5)Recked:Cared for.

Rhyme Scheme:
Free Verse.

Poetic Devices:
1)Personification:"I am the Poem of Earth,said                                   the voice of rain".
2)Metaphor:Rain is being compared to a poem.
3)Hyperbole:Bottomless sea.
4)Imagery:Soft-falling shower.

About Author:
Walt Whitman(May 31,1819 - March 26,1892) was an American poet,essayist and journalist.He was an essential element of the transition between transcendentalism and realism incorporating both views in his works.He is considered as one of the most influential American poets.

NCERT Questions:
A)Think it Out.
I)1)The two voices in the poem belong to the 'voice of the poet' and 'voice of rain'. The poem is set on a conversation between these two voices. The lines are-"I am the Poem of Earth, said the voice of rain" which indicate the rain whereas the lines-"And who art thou?said I to the soft-falling shower" refer to the poet.

2)The phrase 'strange to tell' means that it was strange for the soft-falling rain to reply to the
poet's questions.But when the poet asks the rain "Who art thou?" the rain replies "I am the Poem of Earth".

3)The lines- "For the song,issuing from its birth-place,after fulfillment,wandering Reck'd or unreck'd duly with love returns" from the poem draws a parallel between rain and the music.The poet compares the life-cycle of the rain and the song.As the song originated from the heart from the singer,wanders around the world,whether liked or not,comes back to its origin after loads of love.Similiarly,the rain that originates from Earth,fulfills its duty to beautify and purify the Earth and wanders and comes back with love for its creator.

4)In the poem,the water rises from the land and the bottomless sea in the form of vapour.It then changes its form,transforms itself into clouds.It comes down to the Earth in the form of rain to cool down it,provide it with water and nourishment to living beings.It purifies our surroundings.

According to science,water is initially evaporated in the form of vapour,clusters together to form clouds and then condenses to fall down on the Earth in its fluid form again.The poet in the poem has tried to express this perpetual and eternal journey.

5)The last two lines are put within the bracket because they are observations made by the poet and his thoughts.In those lines,the poet has tried to show similiarity between rain and song.

6)We can find some pairs of opposites in the  poem.Some of them are:
i)Day,Night. ii)Reck'd,Unreck'd. iii)Rise,Descend.

II)1)I asked the soft-falling shower about its identity.

2)The voice of rain presented herself as the poem of earth.

3)Ten rain tells the poet how she rises upwards in a never-ending process.

4)The poet says that rain and music are quite similar.They are like the song orginating from the heart of the singer,travelling across and fulfilling it purposes.It comes back with all the love for the singer.

III)There are various other poems about rain.Some of the other notable ones are:'Rain on the Roof' by Coates Kinney where the poet has remembered his childhood days.Similiarly,'A Line-Storm Song' by Robert Frost is a romantic poem where he has thrown light on the difficulties one has to face in relationships and how such fights strengthen our relations

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Super Notes for Liquid Solutions

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